Agriculture

Service Objective

The Agriculture Service is being developed to provide relevant crop and rangeland information to support policy and decision-makers involved engaged in crop and livestock production and food security. The main goal of the agriculture service is to enable the Ministries of Agriculture in the participating SADC countries to perform Crop and Rangeland Condition Monitoring, and also to provide them with an opportunity to forecasting yields and production scenarios.

Service Description

The Agricultural service collects, develops and disseminates remote sensing based products on crop and rangeland performance on a regular 10 day basis. This information can assists the analysts and decision-makers in answering the following questions:

  • What crops grow where?
  • What is the crop or rangeland condition?
  • What is the crop stage?
  • What is the likely yield?

The processing of the products (environmental indicators relevant for agricultural monitoring) is done by Botswana Department of Meteorological Services (BDMS) using the MESA station, which is an automated data production and data management system.  The MESA station has been installed at various Ministries of Agriculture in the participating member states in the SADC region.

Based on the agricultural products from the MESA station relevant information can be presented to decision makers in the form of a report or bulletin at regular time intervals of 10 days or monthly.

EMMA Bulletins

The Agriculture service includes capacity building component which is aimed at raising competence levels of users of the Agriculture Service in interpretation and use of the products generated by the Service and to generate purpose-made Agriculture bulletins to support policy and decision-makers.

Agricultural Service Training Manual

Agricultural Service Training Manual

Products

The products of the agriculture service are in the form of maps, graphs and written reports provided every ten days.

These products are grouped into three main classes:

  1. Baseline Products.
  2. Products from meteorological ground measurements
  3. Remote Sensing Products

Products generated by the agricultural service are primarily distributed automatically via EUMETCAST. This is a satellite based data dissemination system which allows users to recieve data with regular off-the-shelf satellite TV equipment and a PC. The MESA SADC Thema website (www.mesasadc.org) is used as a backup dissemination platform.

Key users of the service

National Level: Ministries of Agriculture (MoA)

Regional Level: SADC Food Agriculture and Natural Resources directorate (FANR)

Product catalogue

Agricultural Service Products: Crop monitoring Frequency  
Agricultural Baseline Products    
1 AP01: Agriculture Mask Static *
2 AP02: Crop Statistics Map Not available
3 AP03: Crop Specific Maps Not available
Agricultural Products from Meteorological Ground Measurements    
4 AP04: Current Conditions Rainfall Map 10 days
5 AP05: Current Condition Cumulate Rainfall Map 10 days
6 AP06: Current Conditions - Air Temperature Map 10 days
7 AP07: Graph of Rainfall Events in the Current Season 10 days
8 AP08: Map of current Rainfall compared with the LTA, Max and Min values (mm) 10 days
9 AP09: Map of current Rainfall compared with the LTA, Max and Min values (%) 10 days
10 AP10: Map of current Cumulate Rainfall compared with the LTA, Max and Min values (mm) 10 days
11 AP11: Map of current Cumulate Rainfall compared with the LTA, Max and Min values (%) 10 days
12 AP12: Graph of Cumulate Rainfall of the current season compared to the LTA, LTMax, LTMin 10 days
13 AP13: Map of current Air Temperature compared with the LTA, Max and Min values (oC) 10 days
Agricultural Products from Remote Sensing    
14 AP14: Current Rainfall Estimates Map 10 days
15 AP15: Rainfall Estimates Compared with average [difference] 10 days
16 AP16: Rainfall Estimates Compared with average [%] 10 days
17 AP17: Cumulate Rainfall Map 10 days
18 AP18: Cumulate Rainfall Map compared with Average (% Anomaly) 10 days
19 AP19: Vegetation Index Map 10 days
20 AP20: Vegetation Index Compared with average [difference] 10 days
21 AP21: Vegetation Index Compared with average [%] 10 days
22 AP22: Crop / Vegetation performance Graphs 10 days
23 AP23: Current Water Requirements Satisfaction Index (WRSI) Map 10 days
24 AP24: WRSI Anomaly maps 10 days
25 AP25: Onset of Rains Maps 10 days
26 AP26: Onset of rains anomaly maps 10 days
27 AP27: Soil Moisture Index Maps 10 days
28 AP28: Current dry matter productivity map 10 days
29 AP29: Cumulate dry matter productivity map 10 days
30 AP30: Cumulate dry matter productivity graphs 10 days
31 AP31: Cumulate dry matter productivity comparison with average maps (%) 10 days

* Updated as new information become available

All products are only generated during the agricultural season (September-April)

Agricultural Service Products: Livestock monitoring (proposed products)  
1 Net Primary Productivity (NPP)
2 Seasonal Biomass Production Estimation
3 Carrying Capacity (expressed in LTU/hectare)
4 NDVI-based start-of-season and end-of-season for rangeland areas
5 Rangeland WRSI
6 Rangeland WRSI anomaly

Upcoming Events

There are currently no upcoming events.