Botswana is a landlocked country located in centre of Southern Africa. Geographically Botswana is flat, with up to 70 percent of its territory being the Kalahari Desert.
The main environmental problem that Botswana faces is drought. There are common incidences of desertification, wild fires and in some cases floods. Surface water is scarce in Botswana and less than 5% of the agriculture in the country is sustainable by rainfall. Approximately 71% of the country's land is used for communal grazing, which has been a major cause of the desertification and the accelerating soil erosion of the country.